In a world where air travel has become ubiquitous, it might be surprising to learn that there are still countries without a single airport. The ability to fly from one country to another has redefined our sense of global connectivity. Yet, even in this age, a few countries remain unconnected by the bustling world of aviation, either due to geographic constraints, economic factors, or political reasons. Let’s take a closer look at these unique nations.
1. San Marino:
Tucked away in the northeastern part of Italy is San Marino, the world’s fifth-smallest country. Although it doesn't have its own airport, this doesn't deter tourists. They can easily access San Marino by flying into nearby Italian airports and then taking a short drive or bus ride. The country's small size (just over 61 square kilometers) means that an airport might be superfluous.
Nestled on the French Riviera, Monaco is another microstate without an airport. Famous for its casinos, Monaco Grand Prix, and as a tax haven, it is one of the world’s smallest and most densely populated countries. While there isn't an airport in Monaco, the Nice Côte d'Azur Airport in nearby France services the principality. Monaco is also accessible by helicopters, offering breathtaking views of the Mediterranean coastline.
3. Vatican City:
Vatican City, the world’s smallest independent state, is entirely enveloped by Rome, Italy. Given its size (just 44 hectares), it's understandable why there's no room for an airport. Visitors typically fly into Rome’s airports and then travel a short distance to enter this religious epicenter.
Sandwiched between Austria and Switzerland, Liechtenstein is a small, alpine country with no airports. Those wishing to visit Liechtenstein often fly into Zurich Airport in Switzerland or St. Gallen-Altenrhein Airport in nearby Austria and then journey into the principality by car or train.
Situated between France and Spain in the Pyrenees mountains, Andorra is one of Europe's smallest countries, known for its ski resorts and duty-free shopping. Despite its popularity as a tourist destination, Andorra lacks an airport. The rugged mountainous terrain makes it challenging to construct one. However, its location works in its favor. Visitors typically fly into airports in neighboring countries: either Toulouse-Blagnac Airport in France or Barcelona–El Prat Airport in Spain. From there, they can travel to Andorra by car or bus.